• Cradle to grave


    Cradle to grave refers to a company taking responsibility for the disposal of goods it has produced, but not necessarily putting products’ constituent components back into service.


  • Dead stock


    Dead stock is the residual fabric which accounts for the majority of waste in the production process consisting of left over fabric, canceled orders, textiles bought or dyed in colours that are no longer desirable. Branded and exclusive textiles are incinerated, while others are sold to a middleman as a means of generating cash flow, and creating storage space. The designer Christopher Raeburn specialises in sourcing military and direct from mill, dead stock fabric.


  • Lean manufacturing


    Lean manufacturing is a systemic method for the elimination of waste be they materials or human efforts within a manufacturing process. 

  • Liability stock


    Liability stock is the extra fabric that manufacturers order as a contingency plan in case there are issues with the collection. It lies in warehouses all over the world. After being produced, finished and dyed and printed (all energy-intensive techniques) it is usually deemed obsolete, shipped to the US or China to be shredded and used in car seating 


  • Mass production


    Mass production is the method of producing goods in large quantities at low cost per unit which are standardised by means of precision-manufactured, interchangeable parts. The process itself is characterised by mechanisation to achieve high volume, elaborate organisation of materials flow through various stages of manufacturing, careful supervision of quality standards, and minute division of labour. 


  • Supply chain


    supply chain is a system of organisations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer. Supply chain activities transform natural resources, raw materials and components into a finished product that is delivered to the end customer